We’ve all been told to cut back on our sodium intake to control high blood pressure or hypertension, a chronic condition affecting around 29% or 70 million American adults. Good advice but much easier said than done as hidden sodium or salt pops up in all kinds of food least expected. From frozen meals, breads, canned and boxed goods, it seems like it’s everywhere. The “silent killer” of high blood pressure also has a way of sneaking up on people and when it does, it can do major damage to artery walls and organs like the heart, brain, kidneys and eyes. This puts a person at risk for a heart attack, stroke, chronic heart failure and kidney disease.
To reduce the chance of too much sodium causing your blood pressure to skyrocket, try these seven salt substitutes that will not only add a distinctive and tasty punch of flavor to your meals but also vastly reduce how much sodium you consume.
1. Citrus fruits
Talk about the power to transform a meal and with no salt added – whether freshly squeezed juice or grated zest, lemons or limes have a unique and refreshing ability to bring out the best in chicken, fish, seafood, and salads. Lemon or lime zest can also be used in summery pasta dishes, citrus pesto or as part of a marinade for meats.
2. Rosemary and thyme
The duos of rosemary and thyme have long been paired to add to roasted potatoes or veggies relying on their fragrant infusion into the dish. This delectable pair of rosemary’s pine scent and thyme’s sweeter and minty flavor can be used as flavorful additions marinades, stews, soups, fish, lamb, and poultry.
An extremely versatile spice, paprika is an excellent salt substitute and most likely found in everyone’s spice rack. Known as Hungary’s spice, simply replace salt by tossing paprika onto omelets and on top of deviled eggs, pasta, meat dishes, potatoes, roasted nuts, and even on popcorn.
This is where a person can get very creative by using all the many different varieties of vinegar. Whether you use red or white wine, or balsamic vinegar, you will add quite the shot of flavor without added salt in dishes such as salads, roasted vegetables, fish, and coleslaw. Vinegars can also be used to help tenderize meat due to its high acidity.
Commonly used in Italian dishes, basil is known for its versatility in countless meals. Its minty, peppery fragrance and taste can totally transform a meal from adding a few leaves to a Margherita pizza, for making pesto, to topping slices of tomatoes and mozzarella with no salt needed.
6. Cayenne Pepper
If enjoy your food on the spicy side than cayenne pepper will be your go to salt substitute. Cayenne pepper is such a flavor booster with a kick of heat that the absence of salt won’t even be noticed. This fiery spice can be a perfect addition to toss into chili and soups or add to meat dishes, roasted vegetables and nuts as well.
Onions are one of the most used foods in any good cooks’ recipe repertoire. Full of flavor, they can be tossed into practically any recipe to bring out the best essence it has to offer. From potatoes, to meat dishes to stir fries to tuna salads, onions can do it all without salts help.